無家者的精神創傷

News

...
【時事全方位】無家者的精神創傷(一)

【Now新聞台】題目:無家者的精神創傷

嘉賓:

樹仁大學輔導學及心理學系助理教授林嫣紅

同路舍高級項目經理(復康及全人發展服務)吳兆康

...
研究訪89名無家者 近六成曾受虐待 四成半現創傷後壓力症

同路舍與香港樹仁大學輔導及心理學系於今年1月至7月,訪問89名年齡介乎21至78歲的無家者,他們無家的時間由一年至十年不等。逾七成受訪者來自香港,逾兩成半來自中國內地,剩下的無家者來自其他國家。

研究員在調查中了解無家者的心理健康狀況及過去經歷,並根據 DSM-5 創傷後壓力症檢查表(PCL-5)進行評分。發現近四成半受訪者符合創傷後壓力症(PTSD)的閾值,即他們已出現創傷後壓力症的症狀,相當貼近確診的臨床要求。

結果也發現,近六成的受訪者表示經歷不同程度的虐待,包括肢體、情緒、精神或性虐待等,也有些受訪者透露曾與家人關係欠佳,如父母離婚、被家庭成員背叛等。

此外,研究也指出,近四成受訪者表示可尋求家人、朋友和社區非政府組織等社會支援。由於面對創傷後壓力症此等精神狀況,如患者能夠尋求生活圈子的支援和鼓勵,會較容易面對此疾病,惟無家者一般的支援網絡較為薄弱。

樹仁大學輔導及心理學系助理教授林嫣紅表示,研究反映超過六成受訪者沒有任何社交支援。在這種情況下,創傷後壓力症和無家狀況形成一個惡性循環。居無定所,在街上孤立無援的日子加重患者的精神壓力,而創傷後壓力症帶來的負面影響,又令患者更難走出無家困境。

...
'Homeless people need more mental health support'

The government was urged on Wednesday to provide more mental health support for the homeless.

The plea came after the number of registered street sleepers under the Social Welfare Department doubled over the past nine years.

Hong Kong Shue Yan University and a charity organisation supporting the homeless, ImpactHK, interviewed 89 street sleepers. The study revealed that roughly 60 percent of them had endured neglect, physical, emotional, or sexual abuse prior to becoming homeless.

It also found that about half of the respondents suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder.

An assistant professor of psychology at Shue Yan, Bess Lam, said the administration does not provide the homeless with enough help.

“If [about] 50 percent of them have psychological issues or mental health issues, and there are only three teams, which include only three psychiatric nurses to help those individuals, [we are lacking in this area].”

“It’s essential for the government to revise the policy, to give more resources to those people.”

She also stressed the need for the government to provide them with practical mental health services.

Lam added: "We hope that education can reduce stigma and stereotype in the general public against these homeless individuals."